Brain injuries can forever change one’s life in an instant.
Zehr Insurance is honoured to appoint the Brain Injury Canada as our corporate disignate charity.
What is a Concussion?
- A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury. Concussions are caused by a bump or a blow to the head. Even a “ding” or what seems to be a mild bump or blow to the head can be serious.
- You can’t see a concussion. Signs and symptoms of concussion can show up right after the injury or may not appear or be noticed until days or weeks after the injury. If your child reports any symptoms or concussion or if you notice the symptoms yourself, seek medical attention right away
Preventing a Concussion
In the workplace: Always follow safety rules and regulations. Wear correct safety equipment- replace damaged/worn equipment
During sports: Properly use and maintain sports equipment such as helmets and pads. Follow the rules of the game. Practice good sportsmanship
At home and elsewhere: Use seat belts in motor vehicles, and proper child seating. Do not drive under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Wear a helmet and safety equipment during fast moving activities. Make living areas safer for children and seniors. Use safety rules to keep children away from dangerous situations. Practice common sense and be aware of possible risks.
What are signs and symptoms of a concussion?
If ANY of the symptoms are present following a brain injury, a doctor should be contacted and informed of the symptoms present & the injury
- Temporary loss of consciousness or unresponsiveness; lack of awareness to surroundings
- Impairment in memory, concentration
- Nausea or vomiting
- Dizziness or vertigo
- Feeling stunned or dazed
- Numbness or tingling sensation
- Difficulty in following conversations and directions
- Balance and orientation problems
- Fuzzy, double, blurry vision
- Sensitivity to light or noise
- Change in emotion and personality; increased irritability;, depressed mood or increase in anxiety
- Changes in sleep patterns; sleeping more/less than usual, trouble sleeping, drowsiness
Managing a Concussion
When signs and symptoms of concussion are present following head trauma:
- Immediately cease activity; if the affected individual is unconscious, stabilize head & neck
- Seek medical attention and monitor the individual for deterioration for at least 24 hours; seek urgent medical attention if individual suffers from seizures, severe headaches, cannot be woken up, vomits more than 3 times is weak or unsteady on feet, has unequal pupil size or passes out
- Obtain a medical evaluation and do not allow the individual to return to work or other activities prior to rehabilitation
- Second Impact Syndrome- DO NOT allow individual to return to work or activity following signs of concussion; even a mild blow to the head when post-concussion symptoms are present may result in swelling of the brain
Concussion management should be supervised by a medical professional. Rehabilitation should adhere to the following general steps
- No activity; complete rest. Only proceed to the next step one the individual is asymptomatic
- Proceed with light aerobic exercises, such as walking or stationary biking until asymptomatic for duration of aerobic exercises
- Work or activity related skill may be practised, such as carrying equipment at work or skating for hockey
- Activities that do not have risk of collision or further trauma may be performed, such as non-contact drills in sports
- Return to work and other activities allowed once cleared by a medical doctor; however, the time required to progress from minimal-trauma activities to normal activity depends on severity of concussion
- Return to normal work or other activities. If medical clearance is not granted, go the one of the previous steps or obtain a referral to a neurological specialist